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Black Holes Ain’t All, Says Science

Times of India – Black holes, known for their intense gravitational pull capable of gobbling up entire stars, may have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought, a study has found.  A 64-kilometre-wide black hole 8,000 light years from Earth named V404 Cygni has yielded the first precise measurements of the magnetic field that surrounds the deepest wells of gravity in the universe. | go to source

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The Ice Cream Coning of the New Flu Vaccine Strategy

At first, I thought this headline, the headline from futurity, “Ice Cream” Method could create lifetime flue vaccine” as Ice Cream could create….yeah…Ice Cream Vaccine.  But, alas, it is this, using the model of the cone that hold that different flavors of ice cream as a way to build a ‘root’ of vaccine protections that can be supplemented every year with different ‘ice cream flavors’ or, different particular variations of the strains that the cone fundamentally has covered, so to speak. 

Here’s Futurity- – The new method teaches the body to recognize the “cone” portion of the virus—the part that stays the same year-to-year. Researchers working on the technique say it works in lab animals, but warn they still need to make the vaccine more specific and show it works in much larger studies before testing it in people.  “We think it could be very generalizable,” says Peter Kim, professor of biochemistry at Stanford University and the lead investigator of the infectious disease initiative at the Chan Zuckerberg Biohub. “It could be important for coming up with a universal flu vaccine that would protect against pandemic flu, as well as for HIV.” | go to source

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Fecal transplants may be best answer to antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Science Daily – Transplanting human donor fecal microbiota into the colon of a patient infected with Clostridiodes difficile (C. diff) may be the best treatment for those not helped by C. diff targeted antibiotics, according to an article in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.  C. diff is the most common healthcare-acquired infection in the United States. It affects nearly half a million patients each year and becomes a recurring infection for nearly a third of them. If untreated, C. diff can lead to sepsis and death. | go to source

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Babies Get Two Paths, Fix the Wall or BE the Wall – The Life of Aphids

Science News – Colonies of tiny Nipponaphis monzeni aphids in eastern Asia use their own young as part repair crew, part repair goo. The tiny fluffs of juvenile insects end up dying after gushing white glop from their bodies to repair a hole in the wall protecting their colony in Asian winter hazel trees. New details of this patching chemistry suggest that these doomed young aphids are a colony’s version of immune system cells, researchers report April 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. | go to source

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Pole-To-Pole Survey Reveals The Oceans Teem With Viruses

Discover Magazine – The oceans are crawling with viruses. An international team of researchers surveyed the world’s oceans from pole to pole, sampling the waters for the microorganisms and they found nearly 200,000 of them…..“This new understanding of viruses … may help scientists better understand how the oceans will behave under the pressures of climate change,” Ahmed Zayed, a graduate student in microbiology at the Ohio State University in Columbus, who authored the new research, said in a statement | go to source

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Beer Was the Stuff of Life, Literally, for this Ancient Peruvian Civilization

Discover Magazine – Five hundred years before the Incan empire reached its height in South America, a different civilization reigned: the Wari.  One of the Wari’s claims to fame is that they were early brewers of a drink called chicha….

New evidence, recently published in the journal Sustainability, suggests  this beer relative may have played a role in keeping Wari civilization together. Not only that, but researchers started to figure out their ancient beer recipe — and they’ve re-created it for us to taste. | go to source

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Rescuing Eggs from Dead Sharks Yields Live Sharks, Hope for Endangered Species

The Guardian – All of this work has culminated in our recent publication of a paper in the journal of Ocean and Coastal Management, detailing the project. To date, a total of 689 eggcases have been recovered from dead sharks at the market; of these, 278 have developed and hatched out successfully with 237 S. canicula and 41 S. stellarisreleased back into the wild. A further four S. stellariswere retained by the aquarium for educational display purposes. | go to source